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Congo – Brazzaville

Predominantly: Christianity

Brazzaville

August 15th

4.6 million

The Republic of the Congo Civil War, lasting from June 1997 to December 1999, was fought between partisans of two presidential candidates, which ended in an invasion of Angolan forces and installation of Denis Sassou Nguesso to power.  

As presidential elections scheduled for July 1997 approached, tensions mounted between the supporters of President Pascal Lissouba and former President Colonel Denis Sassou Nguesso who had ruled the country from 1979 to 1992, when the country was a Marxist-Leninist single-party state.

When on June 5, President Lissouba's government forces surrounded Sassou Nguesso's compound in Brazzaville, Sassou Nguesso ordered his militia to resist. Thus began a 4-month conflict that destroyed or damaged much of the capital. In early October 1997, Angolan troops invaded Congo on the side of Sassou. Most of Brazzaville fell to rebel and Angolan forces on October 14, 1997, and Lissouba fled; within two days the capital was under the control of forces loyal to Sassou Nguesso and Pointe-Noire fell with little resistance.  Soon thereafter, Sassou Nguesso declared himself President and named a 33-member government.

Alongside the political conflict between Lissouba and Sassou Nguesso, oil was considered a crucial factor in the war, and with French interests at stake, France was seen as backing Sassou Nguesso against Lissouba. Around 1,500 Congolese refugees were in Gabon and other around 32,000 went to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The first arrival of Congolese refugees in New Zealand was in 1999, settling in Hamilton.

Contact Roctrust for more missing information

There are lot of similarities regarding culture, etiquette, and customs between the two Congolese countries. Please see Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Kongo Kingdom was one of the great early empires in central Africa. That kingdom included Angola, Democratic of the Congo and Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) is the source of the official name of name “Congo”.

Contact Roctrust for more missing information.

There are lot of similarities regarding culture, etiquette, and customs between the two Congolese countries. Please see Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Contact Roctrust for more missing information.

 

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